Gravity Prospecting


Gravity prospecting involves the measurements of variations in the gravitational field of earth (g). Average value of 'g' at earth's surface is 9.80ms-2. Gravitational attraction depends upon density Surfaced underlying rocks. So, density is the physical parameter to which gravity surveys are sensitive

Newton's Universal law of gravitation:

The force of attraction between two bodies is directly proportional to the product of the two masses and inversely proportional to square of the distance between them.

where M and m are the masses of the two bodies, r the distance between them, G= 6.67x10-11Nm2kg-2 is the universal gravitational constant.

Gravity measurements:

Land gravity surveys can be carried out by SCINTREX made Autograv CG-5.

  • Regional survey:1-5Km station interval
  • Semi regional survy : 500-1000m station interval.
  • Detailed survey : 500-100 m station interval.

Marine gravity survey

Gravity Data reduction


  • ISR has started geophysical surveys for Geothermal Energy in Gujarat state. ISR has pioneered a technique of 3D MT imaging of crust. Geological faults and crustal structure have been mapped in Kachchh.
  • ISR is carrying out Multiparametric Geophysical and Geochemical studies in Kachchh for earthquake prediction research.
  • ISR has upgraded Gujarat State Seismic Network from 19 online seismic stations to 40.
  • Abstract volume of AES 2015.